Avascular necrosis also called Osteonecrosis refers to a condition which results from lack of blood supply to bone tissue leading to bone death. Blood flow to the bone may be adversely affected from damage to the blood vessels, blockage by air or fat embolism in the blood vessels or by inflammation of the walls of the blood vessels. Though it can affect any bone, the ends of the thighbone (femoral heads) and shoulder are most commonly involved. Avascular necrosis is most common in young men below 50 years of age. Injury to the bone is the main cause of avascular necrosis. Pain and stiffness are the most common symptoms associated with avascular necrosis.
Complex joint reconstruction surgery is performed to restore joint stability, improve lost functionality, and relieve pain. Metastatic bone disease (MBD) is cancer that spreads to bone from other organs such as the lungs, breast, or prostate. Metastatic bone disease weakens and damages the bones causing bone fractures and pain. Surgery for MBD is performed to remove the tumor and fix the broken or weakened bone in place using instrumentation such as wires, plates, rods, pins, nails, or screws. In many cases, the defect caused by the tumor is filled with bone cement to provide additional strength.
Gout is a very common, painful form of arthritis which causes swelling, redness and stiffness of the joints. Gout is caused by increased levels of uric acid in the tissues and blood from abnormal metabolism. Eating certain foods rich in purines such as liver and dried beans can elevate the bodys level of uric acid. These increased levels of uric acid can also cause kidney stones. Gout usually affects the big toe and can later attack ankles, heels, knees, wrists, fingers, and elbows. If untreated, gout can result in permanent joint and kidney damage.
Joint synovectomy is the surgical removal of the synovial membrane, the tissue that lines the joint capsule.
Synovium surrounds the body’s joints and produces synovial fluid to help lubricate the joint enabling smooth movement. In cases of joint disease, the synovium becomes inflamed (synovitis) and produces excess synovial fluid containing an enzyme that can eat away the cartilage on the joint surface leading to bone on bone joint pain.
Limb salvage surgery involves removing the cancerous tumor along with a margin of adjoining tissue followed by reconstruction of the limb, both functionally and aesthetically, to provide the best possible outcome for the patient. Your surgeon will recommend limb salvage surgery after evaluating many factors such as your age and general health; type, location and size of the tumor, and extent of the metastasis.
Osteoporosis, often called the silent disease, is a bone disease characterized by decrease in bone mass and density resulting in brittle, fragile bones that are more susceptible to fractures, even without injury. The condition most commonly develops in elderly women.
Toe to hand transfer is a procedure where a toe is transplanted onto the hand to replace a digit (usually a thumb, sometimes a finger), which is absent or deficient. The hand and foot are similar in many ways; hence, a toe is suitable in replacing a missing or damaged thumb, and restoring its characteristic opposable function. The surgery is done to enable adequate functioning of the hand such as grasping and pinching, which are vital in performing activities of daily living. Toe to hand transfer is a complex procedure that involves the disconnection and rejoining of many small nerves and blood vessels through microsurgery.
Orthopedic specialists and surgeons diagnose and treat a vast array of conditions and injuries associated with the musculoskeletal system, which consists of our bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles and nerves. They are also involved in rehabilitation and prevention of injuries and diseases.
Taking a comprehensive approach to treatment, orthopedic specialists use both surgical and nonsurgical means to treat musculoskeletal trauma derived from an injury, disease, infection, tumor or congenital disorder. They can provide physical therapy, pain management and/or the latest surgical techniques.
Whether you have experienced the trauma of a fracture or the chronic pain of back, neck or hand problems, the orthopedic surgeons and pain management specialists at Austin Sports Medicine can help you return to a pain-free lifestyle.
The team of orthopedic surgeons and pain management specialists at Austin Sports Medicine specializes in: